Concrete stairs have been widely used in various types of buildings since ancient times. Their undeniable advantages include incredible durability and reliability. The installation of such a structure must be carried out during the construction of the building or major repairs. They have more weight and are rarely compact. Nevertheless, concrete marches are widely used in construction of apartment houses as they meet not only all requirements for durability, but also meet safety requirements.
Types of installation of concrete stairs in a private house
A low-rise private construction gives you a possibility to see the most interesting and various design solutions of architectural elements. This statement is also true for stairs made of concrete. Most often they are used for the decoration of porch, front group and for transitioning between floors. However, you can see them in basements, as well as in pools, in verandas and attics.
According to the method of installation, they are:
Monolithic structures include constructions assembled from ready-made reinforced concrete steps and marches. Such products are easily installed, but their design and size are limited by accepted standards. Most often they can be found in the design of porch and descent into basement, as well as in landscape design.
According to the design of a staircase, they can be divided into such groups:
• straight or marching;
The first type is the most common. These stairs can be straight and multimid-flight. According to the location of the spans, they can be divided into straight, L-shaped and U-shaped. Straight staircases are often set to lift on the porch.
Curvilinear constructions are the most popular in the interior. The most famous and popular type is screw staircases. Besides elegance and softness of lines, screw concrete ladders are visually the most beautiful and compact. A private house also often has complex curvilinear forms. They are circular and curved. These are the stairs that give a fantastic look to modern interiors.
The combined staircases are structures made of metal and concrete. They can be of any shape. They include most rare and difficult structures, but nevertheless these are incredibly beautiful concrete stairs which are mounted on rails.
Combined designs can also include sites and elements of different types. So, it can be a two-march structure on the second floor with a turn in the form of a section of a spiral staircase.
Stage of installation of a span in the process of building a house
It is worth saying a few words about the installation. Stairs made of concrete are usually erected together with the building itself. They are less often attached during large-scale repairs. The subsequent extension is not possible in all cases. A porch is most often attached to an already operated house. Concrete staircase to the second floor should be provided at the stage of calculating the bearing structure of the building. First of all, this is due to the large weight and the need for reliable fastening.
Monolithic stairs are most often made at the place by timbering and reinforcing and are filled in with a concrete solution. Ready marches or steps are less often in private construction. Accuracy of calculations is very important for any monolithic staircase, that is why professionals are engaged in their production.
Concrete stairs in the interior
Despite the fact that any construction of concrete in rough form is not aesthetic, they can become a real decoration of the interior and exterior of any house due to a competent finish. They are perfect for facing with almost any modern material.
Exterior concrete stairs (porches and verandas) are finished with ceramic tiles, artificial and natural stone. Today you can make facing for a wooden surface from composite materials. Concrete tiles are often used for exterior stairs.
It is not recommended to finish a concrete porch with natural wood because the array will quickly decay after the contact with the concrete and it requires extra care and repair.
It is possible to use polymeric coverings for technical stairs because they allow not only giving surfaces any desirable shade, but also protecting them from influence of moisture and temperature difference. For example,” liquid rubber” not only helps to keep the concrete in the most unfavorable conditions, but also has an anti-slip effect. That is why it is perfect for finishing, porch, descend into pool, in basement.
Special attention should, of course, be paid to the repairs in the house. The decoration has a special importance. The internal stairs are quite often faced with wood. After all, this material creates an atmosphere of warmth and comfort. It perfectly dampens noise steps. No less interesting options are laminate and parquet board. Stages, lined with cork tiles also have an original look. This coating makes steps completely silent and non-slip even when they are wet.
Ceramic tiles are not less popular. Modern facing allows imitating the most expensive materials. Manufacturers care about the safety of operation of the product with such decor. We use non-slip ceramic tile or one with a corrugated edge. This coating is different by record durability and can be used not only in private houses, but places with high traffic where it will last for decades without requiring repair.
Finishing with natural stone looks very nice and expensive. Steps covered with seamless stone tiles, are not only worthy of the most luxurious castle, but also unmatched for their durability. However, such cladding is expensive and requires highly skilled at stacking. The material has a high weight, which must be taken into account at the design stage. The second factor that must be taken into account when finishing with tiles made of natural stone is the need to install anti-slip thresholds or additional coating.
Now you know more about concrete monolithic stairs. Write, whether the article was useful and what you would like to add. We are waiting for your comments!