08 Jan Roof and wall ladders: DIY
It is impossible to make the roof repair or improve the antenna without special tools. One of such devices is the ladder to the roof. Ladder to the roof not only helps to perform the operation on the roof, but to keep the balance. You can try to make such a design with your hands or buy in the store, especially now there are a large variety of shapes and colors and the prices are quite affordable.
Types of roofing spans
There can be wall, attic ladders or ladders installed directly into the roof slope, and disaster ones. They are made from aluminum, steel, wood and various combinations. Manufacturers produce different designs of such ladders, without which a private home can’t do.
Wall ladders are attached directly to the wall. Thus, a house should have some special fixings. This ladders is at a distance of 200-1300 mm from the wall this ladder, the upper step is located at 100 mm from the level of the cornice and the top at an altitude of 1000 -1200 mm from ground level. It should be removed from the wall for not less than 200 mm.
In Europe, there are popular ladders for cottages of firm Borge. Borge roof ladders consist of all the required elements. And the price is quite affordable. Borge roof ladders are the best option for security and reliability of the roof structure. It is important that the Borge stairs to the roof are unified, perfectly combined with the other elements of the roof safety system to form a complete system that allows you to confidently move during operation. If it is installed at seam roof, the ladder is equipped with a special center bracket. Borge can be equipped with anti-skid platforms for stages, thereby ensuring greater security.
Roof ladders for metal roofing will not only allow you to move safely on the roof, but also save the materials of the roof and leaks. It can help to maintain vent pipe, antenna, clean the snow and leaves, repair the chimney on the roof. They give access to the attic windows and air conditioning. It is possible to repair the damaged area of the roof.
Such steps differ from the usual ones having a special hook. This hook it is fastened over the roof ridge. This ladder can be bought in the store, or you can do it with your hands. How can you make a ladder? We will help you.
The location of the longitudinal axis of the finished ladder does not always coincide with the texture of the roof. Waves of slate or tile elements may not coincide with the position of the ladder. This may damage the elements of the roof.
How can you make them?
If you want to make the ladder with your own hands correctly, it is necessary to consider some nuances, namely: the distance from the roof edge to the ridge will be the length of the sides of your ladder.
- Cross bars should be of such a cut to make it easy for you to stand and not have tired legs.
- Steps shouldn’t be filled not very often, in order not to burden the design.
- You can take a board of the size of 300 by 30-40 mm. Such boards will not damage the slate or Ondulin.
- Nails for fastening the transverse beams shouldn’t be less than 100 mm, so that the protruding ends bend and drown in the beam.
- If the roof is wavy, the distance between the ladder axis must be a multiple of the length of the segment between the ridges. If the distance between waves is 10 cm, the distance between the axles will be 50 or 60 cm. Under this condition, stair canvas will lie flat and will not damage roofing material.
Close attention should be paid to the element with which the ladder rests for the ridge. Hook length should be at least 300 mm. The side boards of the hook should be slightly longer so they were over the line of the ridge 400 mm. In this case, the sides are nailed with slopes of parallel bars, which further increase the safety. If you don’t want to damage the roofing material or soft tile, nail transverse bars remaining after the manufacturing steps. The opposite side of the assembly can have a board, nailed to the base of the hook. Even if the hook slips off the ridge, the counterweight will not allow construction to fall.
Monitor the condition of the hook. After discovering the defect, it must immediately be eliminated.
If the length is not enough, nail the side boards overlap.
The ladder shouldn’t be better hammered with nails for tools and other things. The nail can catch on clothes and make you lose balance and fall.
If you want to move it, use help, don’t do it yourself. One person needs to sit at the ridge, and the second should sit from the edge of the roof, on the access ladder. Start to move simultaneously.
Stairs should be first collected at the bottom. Starting work, attach the brackets, which connect the fastening of the skate. Then mount the supports of the roof, every two meters, in places rails.
Then you should measure the roof slope and determine the length of stairs that must be raised. Mount lathing to the board. Then attach the wall supports and handrails in two meters. Now wall ladders should be mounted to the ladder on the roof with two brackets, which are connected with the supports of the walls.
If you want to determine the height of the structure, put a board on the place where there will be stairs. Then check the horizontal. The angle of slope must be optimum, 30-45 degrees. If the inclination angle is smaller, the design takes up too much space. Foot on the step should stand completely and not touch other elements. The leg should not be lifted too high.
Let’s upgrade the ladder in order to make it easy to move. Attach the plastic wheels from old prams or baby toys. If you want to prevent damage to the roof, it is enough to turn the ladder on wheels. But this device is not suitable for corrugated roofs.
If the height of the building (garage, sauna) allows — you can throw a long rope across the roof, one end of which is securely mounted in the earth below. This rope will act as insurance in case of loss of balance.
Ladders are needed for repair and inspection of roofs.
- There are attic, and sloped, facade kind of ladders.
- The choice of material depends on your desire and capabilities
- The best material – wood.
- Before starting work, prepare the materials and do the calculations.
- Making the design should be in a certain order.
- Steps should be fairly rare and wide.
- Tilt angle – from 30 to 45 degrees.
If roof slopes have high angles of inclination, the design should be more durable. If don’t have enough free time, it can be adapted to any staircase.
Don’t forget about the rules of safety when working at height.
Despite the fact that the issue is relatively simple, there is a lack of roofing staircases in some homes. Their owners don’t pay enough attention to this, as it is not going to do any work on the roof. However, the owners should take care of modern, light, convenient and beautiful escape to the roof of metal, slate, etc. Now any company deals with the release of this product, so the choice is very large.
In this article, we talked about how to make a ladder to work on the roof. Did you like our paper? Please leave your comments. Die you learn useful information from the article? Write, set (stars) and we will consider all your comments and wishes.