In ancient times, staircase performed mainly a practical function. Architects noticed its decorative potential only in the Renaissance. Besides, decorative stairs emphasized the importance of such objects as temples, libraries, or universities. Today, stairs must be both stylish and functional. The level sizes are regulated by building codes.
Well-designed staircases are widely used in the detached and adjoining gardens. Steps can look especially beautiful among the greenery. They are often surrounded by the beautiful flowerbeds or romantic lanterns.
What material to choose to make the garden stairs both beautiful and comfortable?
Sandstone stairs have been very popular lately, and it’s not surprising. These are extremely beautiful structures that go well with enigmatic English-style gardens, exotic Mediterranean corners, or idyllic countryside enclaves. Those who love natural compositions should choose sandstone with a rough surface. Designers suggest that this material can be successfully combined with other stone elements, such as pebbles. This will make the stairs look even more comfortable. What are the technical parameters of sandstone? Manufacturers state that the raw materials are extremely resistant to external factors.
Another interesting solution can be a basalt staircase. Basalt is nothing more than a basic black, gray, or green solid stone. Basalt steps look very solid and elegant. This material looks perfect even on very steep slopes due to its natural anti-slip properties. Moreover, this stone has a very interesting structure – fans of natural surfaces will like its slightly rough surface. What other advantages does basalt have? First of all, it is resistant to weather conditions, frost, chemicals, and abrasion. This material is considered one of the strongest and hardest stones. As a poorly absorbing raw material, it can survive in the garden for many years.
Wooden stairs fit perfectly into the garden architecture. They are surprisingly simple and natural, so they go well with lush floral compositions. The most durable wood species are exotic, such as mahogany, ebony, iroko, teak or cedar. It is worth remembering that steps of this type must be carefully protected from moisture. For this purpose, the wood surface must be coated with special oils, varnish, or wax. Fans of modern solutions prefer buying ready-made stairs. If you belong to the DIY group, wooden planks can be laid on a pre-prepared concrete structure or embedded in well-compacted soil. In the second case, we recommend using wood in the form of logs. Wooden elements must be buried in the ground to a depth equal to half their height.
Cobblestone stairs look elegant and are very durable. The material is resistant to the sun, rain, and frost. For small gardens, it is best to choose a small monochrome cube from which you can build a charming narrow staircase. Large elements will look better in gorgeous green areas. When designing the staircase of your dream, remember that the cube has different edges. It is better to use concrete stone in modern gardens.